What is Periodontal Disease?
You may have heard your dentist or hygienist say you have periodontal disease. This is the scientific way of saying you have gum disease, also known as periodontitis. It is a common inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth; also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages.
The term “periodontal”means “around the tooth.”
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonises in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss. So it is serious and you should see your Bita or Bradley (our hygienists) regularly to ensure the disease is well managed and under control.